This Day in History

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Tuesday, April 20, 1999

Justice of the Constitutional Court, Edwin Cameron made headlines in 1997 when he announced that he had been living with HIV for twelve years. Cameron was a judge at the time and was one of the first few high profile people to publicly disclose their status. Cameron has stated that his disclosure was inspired by the case of Gugu Dlamini, a woman who was stoned and stabbed to death after disclosing on a local radio show that she had HIV.

This article was produced for South African History Online on 19-Apr-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Saturday, April 20, 2002
    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank meet in Washington, DC with finance ministers and central bankers from the Group of Seven leading industrialised nations, to help developing countries stretch out their foreign debt repayments.
    References:

  • Thursday, April 20, 2006
    Me Epainette Mbeki, businesswomen and community worker in Idutywa, Eastern Cape, receives the Order of the Baobab for her service during the struggle and community service in the Eastern Cape from her son, President Mbeki. During the same ceremony at the Union Buildings, Me Ruth First (posthumously) and Justice Albie Sachs receive the Order of Luthuli for exceptional service to the country.
    References:
    • SABC News Bulletin

  • Tuesday, April 20, 1999
    Judge Edwin Cameron of SA reveals that he has been HIV positive since 1997.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, April 20, 2000
    Several thousand mourners gather at a state funeral in Congo to pay tribute to 109 people killed in a series of mysterious airport explosions a week earlier.
    References:

  • Thursday, April 20, 1995
    Egyptian aircraft begin an UN-approved shuttle of Muslim pilgrims from Libya to Saudi Arabia.
    References:

  • Monday, April 20, 1998
    In a meeting with a representative of Lockerbie victims, Colonel Gaddafi agrees to hand over two suspects for trial by a Scottish judge in a neutral country.
    References:

  • Wednesday, April 20, 1994
    In terms of section 248 (1) of the Interim 1994 Constitution and acting on the advice of the Transitional Executive Council (TEC), former State President F W de Klerk issued a proclamation on 20 April 1994, providing for Die Stem van Suid-Afrika (the Call of South Africa) and Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika (God bless Africa) to become the combined national anthem of the country, and providing for the adoption of the new national flag. (UNISA archive: ' and southafrica.pl).
    References:

  • Friday, April 20, 1979
    Egyptian president Muhammad Anwar al-Sadat gets an overwhelming majority in a vote for peace treaty with Israel.
  • Friday, April 20, 1973
    The South African Police Force stationed in the Caprivi Strip, bordering Zambia, suffer casualties in clashes with 'terrorists'.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, April 20, 1964
    At the Rivonia Trial, Nelson Mandela, former leader of the banned ANC, blames the actions of the government for adoption of policies of violence by African leaders.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Saturday, April 20, 1968
    The Boeing 707 Pretoria of SAA crashes just after take off from the Windhoek airport en route to London with 122 people on board.  Eight people are taken from the wreckage alive but eventually only five survive, one with only a broken hand. Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 1, p. 257;
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, April 20, 1961
    As the nationalist uprising of the Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola (MPLA, Popular Liberation Movement of Angola) enters its sixth week, Portugal is warned by the UN that reforms must be introduced.
  • Sunday, April 20, 1958
    King Mohamed V of Morocco demands that all Spanish forces are removed from Moroccan territory.
  • Monday, April 20, 1959
    United Federal Party wins Northern Rhodesia elections, and African National Congress is suppressed.
    References:

  • Monday, April 20, 1959
    Cheryl Carolus, SA High Commissioner in London, is born in Silvertown, Cape Flats.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, April 20, 1955
    Mau-Mau members murder two schoolboys in the outskirts of Nairobi, Kenya.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, April 20, 1954
    Jeanette Ferreira, Afrikaans novelist, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, April 20, 1940
    Nic Swanepoel, Afrikaans radio broadcaster, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, April 20, 1952
    A campaign to reduce governmental corruption, and to oust those identified, starts in Egypt.
  • Thursday, April 20, 1922
    Nicolaas Georg (Klaas) Steytler, Afrikaans author, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, April 20, 1923
    Egyptian constitution is adopted. African History gives date as 19 April.
    References:

  • Monday, April 20, 1936
    Arnold Maurice Bengis, managing director of Hout Bay Fishing Industries, is born in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who's Who of Southern Africa 2001 ..., Graighall: Jonathan Ball.

  • Thursday, April 20, 1911
    France offers military support to Abd al Hafid, Sultan of Morocco, to suppress a revolt.
  • Monday, April 20, 1874
    Oliver John (Jack) Hindon (44), the man after whom the SA Jack Hindon medal for outstanding service is named, is born in Scotland.  He served in the scout corps of Danie Theron during the South African War (Anglo-Boer War 2).
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, April 20, 1749
    The first public worship of the Church of England, also called the Anglican Church, in South Africa, is conducted in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau